Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ)

Fig. 1. Aerial image of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching near Munich.

Research at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics concentrates on the interaction of light and matter under extreme conditions. One focus is the high- precision spectroscopy of hydrogen. In the course of these measurements Prof. Theodor W. Hänsch developed the frequency comb technique for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2005. Light flashes with attosecond duration (1 as is a billionth of a billionth of a second) are generated within the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (LAP) by MPQ director Prof. Ferenc Krausz. Such light pulses enable to control and trace electron dynamics in real-time (for details see and recently, elementary lightwave driven electronic circuitry has been realized. These developments pave the way towards lightwave nanoelectronics, speeding up electronics to its ultimate limit. Other research at MPQ under directors Prof. Immanuel Bloch, Prof. Gerhard Rempe, and Prof. Ignacio Cirac is dedicated towards studies of ultracold quantum matter with applications towards quantum cryptography, computing and communication.

King Saud University (KSU)

Fig. 2. Google Earth 3D view on King Saud University.

King Saud University, the first institution of higher education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, has been established in 1957 with the aim to provide distinctive education, produce creative research, serve society and contribute in building knowledge for the economy and community through learning, an environment of creative thinking, optimal use of technology and effective international partnerships. Since its early years, KSU has gone through many stages of developments and became a highly respected institution throughout the Arab and Muslim world. The university is located in a large modern campus, has more than 35.000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. KSU has risen dramatically in international rankings over the past years, placing 77th in Asia in the 2012-13 "Times Higher Education" and among the top 200 universities worldwide as ranked by the prestigious Shanghai Rankings, also known as the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU).

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU)

Fig. 3. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Copyright: Thorsten Naeser.

The Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München is recognized as one of Europe's premier academic and research institutions. Since its founding in 1472, LMU has attracted inspired scholars and talented students from all over the world, among them 34 Nobel laureates. LMU is home to students from all parts of Germany and more than 130 countries around the globe and has more than 48.000 undergraduate and postgraduate students (with nearly 7000 international scholars). The students view their studies as a springboard to a rewarding career, not least because Munich is one of Germany’s major centers for technology and the media. LMU continues to build on its distinct identity and its core skills in research and instruction in order to confront both academic challenges and the hugely complex demands of our changing world. LMU’s faculty, among them Prof. Theodor Hänsch and Prof. Ferenc Krausz, form the foundation of the University’s distinguished record in research, which has been recognized by the largest grant support awarded to a single institution within the German-wide Excellence Initiative. The LMU is the top University in Germany and is among the top-50 Universities worldwide according to the 2012-13 "Times Higher Education".